Long distances and a vast surface area: Lapland Hospital District covers almost 30% of Finland’s surface area.

Low population density: Population centred around the cities of Rovaniemi and Kemijärvi and parish villages.

Ageing population: The baby-boom generation (born between 1945 and 1950) is nearing the retirement age. The number of people over 60 is estimated to increase by more than 8,400, and people over 75 – the ones requiring most medical care – will increase by more than 32% by 2019.

Population with high a rate of health problems: Cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, cancer (breast cancer, prostatic cancer, lung cancer), diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue, mental health problems.

Increasing tourism: Risks of accidents increase on the roads and in areas frequented by tourists. In the high season, the arrival of tourists in resorts – such as Levi, Saariselkä and Pyhä – means an up to threefold increase in the population of the respective municipalities, whereas emergency care services have only been designed to meet the needs of the permanent population. Rovaniemi airport is the second most used international airport in Finland.
Every year the Province of Lapland is visited by 1,800,000 tourists.